Age of the Galliard
Curt Sachs first coined the term "Age of the Galliard" to describe the style of dance performed in Italy from the early sixteenth through the mid-seventeenth centuries. Herein, I present my work - translations, notations, and teaching resources - of this era of dance.
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An Overview of the Sources of Italian Dance of the Age of the Galliard
In recent years, the sources available for study of the Italian dance in the Age of the Galliard have increased. Below is a listing of all currently known sources, where to find them and a brief overview of their contents. This information has been drawn from the introduction to “Balli to Dance and Play in Sixteenth-Century Miscellany” Music Observed, WorldCat and the research work and experience of Margaret Roe.

Date Contents Source Modern Publication Information Location of Original Libraries Holding Copies
1559 choreography Cristiano Lamberto, letter with a description of “La Caccia” Gino Corti, “Cinque balli toscani del Cinquecento,” Rivista italiana di musicologia 12, no. 1 (1977): 73-82. Archivo di Stato, Florence, Carte Strozziane, I 22, ff. 138r-140v. Bryn Mawr College, Rutgers University, Columbia University Libraries, Duke University Library
online copy of article
Notes: no music
c.1540-1560 choreography, music Anonymous Ms., Four “Tuscan balli” Gino Corti, “Cinque balli toscani del Cinquecento,” Rivista italiana di musicologia 12, no. 1 (1977): 73-82. Biblioteca Nazionale, Florence, Ms. Magl. XIX, 31, ff. 1-6. Bryn Mawr College, Rutgers University, Columbia University Libraries, Duke University Library
online copy of article
Notes: only a few bars of music provided in article
1560 choreography Lutio Compasso, Ballo della gagliarda Facsimile reprinted, Freiburg: “fagisis” Musik- und Tanzedition, 1995, with introduction by Barbara Sparti Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart, Sport 8º 230. Multiple
ISBN: 3931344002 or 9783931344009
online transcription only
Notes:
c.1560-1570 steps (limited), choreography Anonymous, Thirteen choreographies (Chigi Mans.) Transcriptions published in Fabio Carboni, et al., “Balli to Dance and Play in Sixteenth-Century Miscellany” Music Observed (Warren, MI: Harmonie Park Press, 2004). Biblioteca Vaticana Apostolica, Chigi S. V. 6 (3), ff. 24r-33v. Multiple
ISBN: 0899901255 or 9780899901251
Notes: In the above article, Carboni et. al., include an analysis of this work and a comparison of its dances. Additional analysis, a full translation and reconstruction, and proposed music is forthcoming from Margaret Roe.
1581 steps, choreography, music Fabritio Caroso, Il Ballarino Facsimile reprinted, New York: Broude Bros., 1967 Multiple copies Multiple
No ISBN
Library of Congress online copy
Notes:
1589 choreography Prospero Lutij di Sulmona, Opera bellissima nella quale si contengono molte partite et passeggi di gagliarda... none Bibliotheque Nationale de France online transcription only
Notes:
1589 choreography (theater), music Emilio de’ Cavalieri, final ballo for Pellegrina intermedio “O che nuovo miracolo” in Intermedii et concerti by Cristofano Malvezzi (Venice, 1591) D.P. Walker, Musique des intermèdes de “La pellegrina” (Paris, 1963). unknown unconfirmed locations: Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Temple University Libraries
Notes: reconstruction in Jennifer Nevile, "Cavalieri's Theatrical Ballo "O che nuovo miracolo": A Reconstruction" in Dance Chronicle, Vol. 21, No. 3 (1998), pp. 353-388
1600 choreography (theater), music Emilio de’ Cavalieri, final ballo for La Rappresentazione dell’Anima e del Corpo Facsimile reprinted, Farnborough, Eng.: Gregg International Publishers, 1967. unknown Multiple
No ISBN, OCLC: 1232220
Notes:
1600 steps, choreography, music Fabritio Caroso, Nobilta di Dame
(re-edition in 1605 and again in 1630 under title Raccolta di varij balli)
Facsimile reprinted, Bologna: Forni, 1970. English translation by Julia Sutton, with musical transcriptions by F. Marian Walker (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986). Reedited in 1995. Multiple copies Multiple
No ISBN
Library of Congress online copy
Notes: some dances are reworkings of Caroso's earlier work, Il Ballarino (see above), using his new theory of dance. Angene Feves discusses these changes in "Fabritio Caroso and the Changing Shape of the Dance, 1550-1600" and Jennifer Nevile expands on this in "'Rules for Design': Beauty and Grace in Caroso's Choreographies".
1600 steps, choreography, music Livio Lupi Libro di gagliarda: tordiglione, passo e mezzo canari e passeggi none unknown New York Public Library, The College at Brockport
online facimile of 1607 reprint (see below)
Notes: reprinted in 1607 as Mutanze di gagliarda, tordiglione, passo e mezzo, canario... with 2 choreographies, their music and 20 new step desciptions (see below)
1601 choreography, music Antonio di Fiorenza, “La barriera” none Private collection. Noted in rare book catalog of Erasmushaus, Basel. unavailable
Notes: mentioned in the introduction of “Balli to Dance and Play in Sixteenth-Century Miscellany” in Music Observed
1602 steps, choreography (including theater), music Cesare Negri, Le Gratie di Amore
(re-edition in 1604 under title Nuove inventioni di balli)
Facsimile reprinted, New York: Broude Brothers, 1969, and Bologna: Forni, 1969.German translation by Brigitte Garsky (Olms Verlag, 2004). Music transcriptions by Véronique Daniels (Freiburg: “fa-gisis,” 2004). Multiple copies Multiple
No ISBN
Library of Congress online copy
Notes: differences between different copies are examined in this article
1607 steps, choreography, music Livio Lupi Mutanze di gagliarda, tordiglione, passo e mezzo, canario... (original: 1600) unknown New York Public Library Original at New York Public Library, Microfilm copy at Suny College at Brockport
online facimile
Notes: new edition of Libro di gagliarda : tordiglione, passo e mezzo canari e passeggi (above) with 2 choreographies, their music and 20 new step desciptions
1614 steps, choreography Ercole Santucci Perugino, Mastro da ballo Facsimile edition 2004 with introduction by Barbara Sparti Stockholm, Carina Ari Biblioteket. Multiple
ISBN: 3487126834 or 9783487126838
Notes: most of these dances are reworkings of dances by Caroso, Negri, and Compasso. The book also includes 214 step descriptions, many of which are variations on common steps.
c.1615-1620 steps, choreography Ludovico Jacobilli, Modo di ballare none Foligno, Biblioteca Jacobilli, A. III. 19, ff. 102-04. none
Notes: facsimile was available at one time from Biblioteca Jacobilli, but they have been unresponsive to recent enquiries
c.1615-1620 steps Giulio Mancini, Del Origin et Nobiltà del Ballo none Location of original unknown none
Notes: mentioned in the introduction of “Balli to Dance and Play in Sixteenth-Century Miscellany” in Music Observed

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